Apparel 1

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Key Terms:  Flying Shuttle, Spinning Jenny, Cotton Gin, Elias Howe, Spinning Mule
 
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Apparel 1 - Virtual word wall

by Elliott
             

Elements of Design                           Principles of Design

 

Color– hue                                               Balance– Symmetrical (formal)

-       Value – tint                                Asymmetrical (informal)

-                - shade                               Emphasis

-       Intensity                             Harmony

-       Primary colors                      Proportion- equal                     

-       Secondary colors                                 - unequal

-       Intermediate colors              Rhythm- Repetition

      (Tertiary)                                    - Radiation

-  Warm colors                                    - Gradation

-  Cool colors

- Color schemes – Monochromatic

                       - Analogous

                       -Complementary

                       -Split-complementary

                       -Triad

                      -Accented neutral

                       -Neutral

Line –Vertical                                          Fiber

        Horizontal                                      Yarn

        Diagonal                                         Fabric

        Curve                                                     Natural fibers - staple

       Decorative & Structural                                Cellulosic

                                                                           Protein

Shape –Bell                                                            Cotton

            Tubular                                                      Flax - Linen

            Natural                                                      Wool - Woolen

            Full                                                                    - Worsted

                                                                                      - Virgin

Texture                                                  Silk -filament

                                                           Ramie

                                                           Jute

Manufactured fibers                                  Yarns

     

     -Rayon                                      -Spun

     -Lyocell(Tencel)                            -Monofilament

     -Acetate                                     -Multifilament

     -Nylon                                                     -Pills

     -Polyester                                                - Ply yarn

     -Acrylic                                                   - Cord yarn

     -Spandex                                                 -Blend

     -Olefin

 

Woven fabric                                Knit fabric

       -warp yarns                                              -warp knitting

       -weft yarns(filling yarns)                         -weft knitting

       -selvage   

       -grain

                       -Plain weave                             Felted fabric

                       -Twill weave                                     (felt)

                       -Satin weave                            Nonwoven

(interfacing)

       Adding color                                                    (hospital booties)

     -greige (grey) goods                                 Finishing

       -dyes                                                                       -Antistatic

       -colorfast                                                        -Wrinkle resistant

               -fiber dyeing – (natural)                            -Permanent press

               -solution dyeing – (manufactured)              -Flame resistant

               -yarn dyeing                                             -Mildew resistant

               -piece dyeing                                            -Moth repellent

                                                               -Preshrunk,Sanforized

                                                               -Soil release,Stain resistant

                                                               -Water repellent,waterproof

    Finishes that affect texture=calendaring, napping, sizing, weighting
 
Figure type
Body measurements
Wearing ease
Design ease
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